Pivotal GemFire® v9.0

Configuring the gfsh Environment

The gfsh.bat and gfsh bash script automatically append the required Apache Geode and JDK .jar libraries to your existing CLASSPATH. There are user-configurable properties you can set for security, environment variables, logging, and troubleshooting.

JAR Libraries in CLASSPATH

When you start up gfsh, it will automatically load required JAR files that have been packaged in the gfsh-dependencies.jar file. You do not need to modify your CLASSPATH to run gfsh. When starting servers and locators in gfsh, the start server and start locator commands will load server-dependencies.jar and locator-dependencies.jar files into the process CLASSPATH for you.

These dependency JAR files are packaged in your Apache Geode installation in the $GEMFIRE/lib (or on Windows, the %GEMFIRE%\lib) directory.

Note: The gfsh command-line utility also searches for tools.jar (included with JDK) and adds it to gfsh’s CLASSPATH. If you do not have a JDK installed, gfsh uses file-based communication instead for the status and stop commands. If using a JRE instead of JDK, gfsh must have read-write permissions in the working directory of the server and locator processes.

Machine Hostname

On some operating systems, you may need to ensure that the hostname of your machine is configured in your system hosts file. For example, on Mac OSX you may need to map your machine’s hostname to your IP address in the /etc/hosts file in order for gfsh and Pulse to operate correctly.

Configuring gfsh Security

Since gfsh must connect to a JMX Manager member to run certain commands (namely those commands that manage and monitor other members), JMX Manager configuration properties can affect gfsh security. In, the following Geode properties can affect gfsh connection settings to the JMX Manager:

  • jmx-manager-ssl
  • jmx-manager-port
  • jmx-manager-password-file
  • jmx-manager-access-file

You may also need to verify that the ports are available and open to client connections. See Configuring a JMX Manager for details on these security properties.

Configuring gfsh Environment Variables

In addition, you can set several gfsh-specific preset SHELL variables by using the set variable command. For example, you can set gfsh to run in quiet mode. Not all gfsh variables are modifiable; user-configurable variables include:


See Useful gfsh Shell Variables for more information.

Configuring gfsh Session Logging

By default, gfsh session logging is disabled. To enable gfsh logging, you must set the Java system property -Dgfsh.log-level=desired_log_levelwhere desired_log _level is one of the following values: severe, warning, info, config, fine, finer, finest. For example, in Linux:

export JAVA_ARGS=-Dgfsh.log-level=info

Then, start gfsh.

gfsh produces a log file named gfsh-%u_%g.log. This log file records the events of an individual gfsh session. It includes environment information, such as Java and system information, and detailed command execution. The variables are replaced as follows:

  • %u - a unique number to resolve conflicts
  • %g - the generation number to distinguish rotated logs

gfsh uses the JDK Logger to generate gfsh session log files. See for a description of how the variables are used in naming the log file. The default name of the generated gfsh log file cannot be changed.

By default, the log file is written to the current working directory where you have executed the gfsh or gfsh.bat script. To modify the directory location where log files are written, use the gfsh.log-dir Java system property. For example:

export JAVA_ARGS="-Dgfsh.log-level=info -Dgfsh.log-dir=/machinename/logs"

Then, start gfsh.

In addition, gfsh records a history of commands in the ${SYS_USER_HOME}/.gemfire/.gfsh.history file, which you can use to create scripts or review past commands.

Member Log Files

gfsh writes several log files for any members that are started via gfsh. Useful member log files include:

  • <locator_name>.log. Details a locator’s configuration (including all and all activity that occurs on the locator after startup. This log file is written to a directory that is named after the locator. For example, if you start a locator named locator1, the file is written as locator1.log in the <product_dir>/locator1 directory.
  • Contains the process ID of the locator. You can use the PID to stop or view the status of this locator. This file is written to the same directory location as the locator’s log file .
  • <server_name>.log. Details a server’s configuration (including all and all activity that occurs on the server after startup. This log file is written to a directory that is named after the server. For example, if you start a server named server1, the file is written as server1.log in the <product_dir>/server1 directory. If you stop and start the server with an identical name, the older log files are kept in the same directory but renamed for versioning purposes.
  • Contains the process ID of the server. You can use the PID to stop or view the status of this server. This file is written to the same location as the server log file.

Tab Completion

This section applies only to UNIX installations.

When you run gfsh commands from a UNIX bash shell, you can enable automatic tab-completion in the shell by running the following command:

source <gemfire-install-directory>/bin/gfsh-completion.bash

After running this command, you can use auto completion when running gfsh commands from the bash shell.

See Using Tab Completion.

Command History and gfsh.history

A history of commands that have been executed successfully is logged in .gfsh.history file in a .gemfire directory under the home directory of the user running gfsh. You can also export a history file by using the history --file=your_file_name command.

JMX Manager Update Rate and System Monitoring

When you perform data operations (such as put) and then monitor the state of the system (such as using the gfsh show metrics command or Apache Geode Pulse), the monitored system may not immediately reflect the most recent operations. For example, if you perform a put operation and then immediately execute the show metrics gfsh command, you may not see the correct number of entries in the region. The management layer updates every 2 seconds. Wait a few seconds after performing operational activity to see the most accurate results.

You can modify the jmx-manager-update-rate property in to increase or decrease the rate (specified in milliseconds) at which updates are pushed to the JMX Manager. This property setting should be greater than or equal to the statistic-sample-rate. You may want to increase this rate if you are experiencing performance issues; however, setting this value too high will cause stale values to be seen in gfsh and Apache Geode Pulse.

Formatting of Results

This section applies only to UNIX installations.

gfsh commands such as query produce output with wide columns that may become misaligned and require manual reformatting to view the output. If the output cannot fit in the available width of the terminal, gfsh automatically trims the columns widths to fit. You can disable this behavior by setting the gfsh environment variable GFSH.TRIMSCRWIDTH to false.

You can set the APP_RESULT_VIEWER variable to external to enable viewing of the output using the UNIX less command.

See Configuring gfsh Environment Variables.