Pivotal GemFire® v9.1

Geode Redis Adapter

Note: This feature is experimental and is subject to change in future releases of Pivotal GemFire.

The GemFire Redis adapter allows GemFire to function as a drop-in replacement for a Redis data store, letting Redis applications take advantage of GemFire’s scaling capabilities without changing their client code. Redis clients connect to a GemFire server in the same way they connect to a Redis server, using an IP address and a port number.

Using the Redis Adapter

To use the Redis Adapter, you will need three pieces of information:

  1. The port number through which clients will communicate
  2. The IP address of the host where the server is to reside
  3. A choice of which attributes you will use for a GemFire partitioned region

The IP address and port number should be the same ones coded in the Redis clients.

In order to take advantage of GemFire’s scaling capabilities, you should specify the GemFire region as one of the types that use the PARTITION data policy. PARTITION is the default. Other possibilities include PARTITION_REDUNDANT and PARTITION_PERSISTENT. (See “Region Shortcuts Quick Reference” for a complete list.)

To implement a GemFire instance using the Redis Adapter:

  1. Install GemFire on the system where the server is to reside.
  2. Use gfsh to start a GemFire server, specifying the three configuration options described above:
    • Use --redis-port to specify the port. This parameter is required – the GemFire server will listen on this port for Redis commands.
    • Use --redis-bind-address to specify the IP address of the server host. This parameter is optional. If not specified, the default is determined from the /etc/hosts file.
    • Use --J=-Dgemfireredis.regiontype to specify the region type. This parameter is optional. If not specified, regiontype is set to PARTITION.

For example:

gfsh> start server --name=server1 --redis-bind-address=localhost \
 --redis-port=11211 --J=-Dgemfireredis.regiontype=PARTITION_PERSISTENT

Redis clients can then connect to the server at localhost:11211.

How the Redis Adapter Works

The GemFire Redis Adapter supports all Redis data structures, including

  • String
  • List
  • Hash
  • Set
  • SortedSet
  • HyperLogLog

In GemFire these data structures are implemented using partitioned regions. In most cases, GemFire allocates one partitioned region for each data structure. For example, each Sorted Set is allocated its own partitioned region, in which the key is the user data and the value is the user-provided score, and entries are indexed by score. The two exceptions to this design are data types String and HyperLogLog. All Strings are allocated to a single partitioned region. Similarly, all HyperLogLogs are allocated to a single region. Regions use GemFire’s OQL and indexes.

The GemFire Redis Adapter supports all Redis commands for each of the Redis data structures. (See the Javadocs for the GemFireRedisServer class for a detailed list.) The GemFire server’s responses to Redis commands are identical to those of a Redis server with the following exceptions, resulting from GemFire’s more extensive partitioning model:

  • Any command that removes keys and returns a count of removed entries will return a count of how many entries have been removed from the local vm, rather than a total count of items removed across all members. However, all entries will be removed.
  • Any command that returns a count of newly set members has an unspecified return value. The command will work just as the Redis protocol states, but the count will not necessarily reflect the number set compared to the number overridden.
  • Transactions work just as they would on a Redis instance; they are local transactions. Transactions cannot be executed on data that is not local to the executing server, that is on a partitioned region in a different server instance, or that is on a persistent region that does not have transactions enabled. Also, you cannot watch or unwatch keys, as all keys within a GemFire transaction are watched by default.

Advantages of GemFire over a Redis Server

GemFire’s primary advantage is its scalability. While the Redis server is single threaded, GemFire supports high concurrency. Many Redis clients can execute commands on the GemFire server simultaneously.

GemFire supports stored procedures, which can execute on the server and report results to the requesting client.

GemFire architecture and management features help detect and resolve network partitioning problems without explicit management on the part of the Redis client.

GemFire WAN replication allows the data store to expand horizontally, across physically distant sites, while maintaining data consistency.